William Morris biography :
The Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood was formed by group
of men who did not approve of the way decorative arts, and
architecture were being mass produced industrially. Among them was
poet British poet, William Morris.
William Morris was born on 24 March 1834 at the village of
Walthamstow. Morris came from a well-to-do family and read at
Marborough and Exeter College, Oxford. He met his wife, Jane Burden,
as well as some of the other members of the brotherhood at Oxford.
Morris started writing poetry while he was at Oxford, and in 1858, The
Defence of Guenevere and Other Poems, a book of poetry, was published.
He continued to compose poems even though their architectural business
(Morris & Company) thrived. Some of his works include The Life & Death
of Jason (1867), The Earthly Paradise (1868), and Volksunga Saga
In 1883, Morris became a socialist. As a member of the Social
Democratic Federation, he became a regular contributor to Justice, the
SDF’s journal. He left the SDF in 1884, presumably because he and the
party leader, H. H. Hyndman, didn’t see eye to eye with the way the
party was being run. He formed the Socialist League, together with
three other individuals, and contributed regularly to the new party’s
Morris became an active political writer and some of his works include
Chants for Socialists (1883), The Pilgrims of Hope (1885), and the
booke News from Nowhere (1889). He also composed Death Song, in memory
of his friend, Alfred Linnel, who was injured during one of the many
socialist political demonstrations in 1887.
Despite being ill with kidney disease, Morris continued to write and
give speeches. In his final years, Morris penned Socialism, Its Growth
and Outcome (1893), Manifesto of English Socialists (1893), and The
Wood Beyond the World (1894).
William Morris passed away on 03 October 1896. His last work was Well
at the World’s End (1896). Morris is buried in the village churchyard