William Butler Yeats biography :
The 13th of June 1865 marked the entry of Irish
poet, dramatist, mystic and civil servant, William Butler Yeats into
the world. Yeats’ father was John Butler Yeats, and his mother was
Susan Mary Pollexfen. Their family was very artistically inclined. His
brother was a well-known painter, and both his sisters were actively
involved in the Arts & Crafts movement.
From Dublin, the family moved to London. Yeats was initially educated
at home, but in 1877, he was able to enter the Godolphin School. He
studied there for four years but was considered by his masters as a
mediocre student. The family returned to Dublin in 1880 and in 1881,
Yeats continued his education at the Erasmus Smith High School until
he left in 1883.
He started writing poetry between these periods and in 1885, his first
poems were published in the Dublin University Review. His earlier
works include Irish Fairy Tales (1892), The Celtic Twilight (1893),
and The Wanderings Of Oisin And Other Poems (1889).
Yeats returned to Ireland in 1896 and reformed, first the Irish
Literary Society; followed by the National Literary Society. In1897,
he co-founded the Irish Literary Theatre. He met and married Georgie
Hyde-Lee in 1917, and together, they collaborated on a book on
marriage entitled, A Vision (1925).
In 1923, Yeats was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature, and in
1934, he and Rudyard Kipling received the Gothenburg Prize for Poetry.
His autobiography, Autobiographies of William Butler Yeats was
published in 1938.
Yeats suffered from several illnesses in his old age, and on 28
January 1939, Yeats was laid to rest. He was 73.