Oscar Wilde biography:
Oscar Wilde is an Irish poet
and dramatist who became popular because of his comic masterpieces,
“Lady Windermere’s Fan” and “The Importance of Being Earnest”. He also
wrote other celebrated works, such as the novel entitled “The Picture
of Dorian” and a fairy tale entitled “The Happy Prince”.
Wilde was born in Dublin on October 16, 1894 by Lady Jane Francesca
Wilde and Sir William Wilde. He finished his B.A. in 1878 from
Magdalen College in Oxford. In 1882, he did lectures in Canada and the
United States and he eventually resided in Paris by 1883. During the
mid-1880s, he was a regular contributor to Pall Mall Gazette and
Dramatic View. He married Constance Lloyd and had two sons with her
but their marriage ended in 1893.
Wilde’s fame ended when his intimate relation with Lord Alfred Douglas
paved the way to his court case on homosexuality charges. He was
convicted to the crime of sodomy and was penalised with two years of
hard labour. During his ordeal, he wrote “De Profundis” which was a
monologue and autobiography addressed to Alfred Douglas.
The last work he did was “The Ballad of Reading Gaol”, which revealed
inhumane prison conditions at that time. Wilde died of cerebral
meningitis on November 30,1900 at the age of 46.